Founding President : Maulana Hamiduddin Farahi


Founding Director (Nazim) & Secretary : Maulana Syed Sulaiman Nadvi


Founding Manager : Maulana Masud Ali Nadvi


Founding Member : Maulana Abdus Salam Nadwi

Founding Member : Maulana Shibli Mutakallim Nadwi

Founding Staff

Founding President : Maulana Hamiduddin Farahi

Maulana Hamiduddin Farahi


Farahi was born in Phreha (hence the name “Farahi”), a village in the district of Azamgarh (Uttar Pradesh, India). He belonged to a distinguished family, and was a maternal cousin of the famous theologian-historian Allama Shibli Nomani (1858-1914).

After studying Arabic, Persian, and Islamic sciences with several prominent religious scholars-Shibli Nomani was one of them-Farahi, about twenty years of age, secured admission to the reputed Aligarh Muslim College in order to study modern disciplines of knowledge. His recommender was Sir Sayyid Ahmad Khan (1817-1897), the founder of the college. In his letter addressed to the principal, an Englishman, Sir Sayyid wrote that he was commending him a young man who was a greater scholar of Arabic and Persian than the professors of the college. While a student at the college, Farahi rendered parts of the At-Tabaqat al-Kubra of Abu Abd Allah Muhammad ibn Sad az-Zuhri (784-845) into Persian. The translation was found to be so good that Sir Sayyid had it included in the collage syllabus.Farahi obtained his B.A from AIlahabad University.

For the next many years, Farahi taught Arabic at various institutions, including Aligarh and Dar-ul-Ulum., Hyderabad. During his stay in Hyderabad, Farahi conceived the idea of establishing a university where all religious and modern sciences would be taught in Urdu. The scheme he prepared for this purpose later materialized in the form of Jamiah Usmaniyyah, Hyderabad. He subsequently came to Sara-e-Mir, a town in Azamgarh, where he took charge of the Madrasa-tul-Islah (”School for {Muslim}Reform”), an institution based on the educational ideas of Shibli Numani and Farahi. Farahi had served as chief administrator of the school since its inception, but other engagements had until now kept him from becoming actively involved in its affairs.

From 1925, when he came to Sara-e-Mir, to 1930, the year of his death, Farahi devoted most of his time and energy to managing the affairs of the Madrasa-tul-Islah and teaching there. A few students-Amin Ahsan Islahi was one of them – received special training from him; they were supposed to become the bearers of his thought.

An erudite scholar, Farahi commanded knowledge of a number of languages, among them Hebrew and English. He learnt Hebrew from the German Orientalist Josef Horovitz (1874-1931) who was professor of Arabic at the Aligarh Muslim College Horovitz studied Arabic with Farahi.

Farahi’s chief scholarly interest was the Quran, the focal point of all his writings. Most of his published works are in the form of notes that were later complied by his students. Among his books, besides the three already mentioned, are: Mufradat al Quran (”Vocabulary of the Quran”), Asalib al Quran (”Style of the Quran”) Jamhara-tul-Balaghah (”Manual of Quranic Rhetoric”) and Iman fi Aqsam il Quran (”Study of the Quranic Oaths).


Hamiduddin Farahi

Hamiduddin Farahi (1863-1930) was a celebrated Islamic scholar of Indian subcontinent known for his groundbreaking work on the concept of Nazm, or Coherence, in the Quran. He was instrumental in producing scholarly work which proved that the verses of the Quran are interconnected in such a way that each Surah, or Chapter, of the Quran forms a coherent structure, having its own central theme, which he called umood (the theme which stands out). He also started writing his own exegesis, or tafsir, of the Quran which was left incomplete due to his death in 1930. The Muqaddimah, or the Introduction, to this tafsir is an extremely important work on the theory of Nazm-ul-Quran.

Early life

Farahi was born in Phreha (hence the name “Farahi”), a village in the district of Azamgarh, Uttar Pradesh, India. He was a maternal cousin of the famous theologian-historian Shibli Nomani (1858-1914). He studied at Aligarh Muslim College at the recommendation of Sir Syed Ahmad Khan (1817-1897). In his studies, he proved himself to be an expert in Arabic and Persian languages. He completed his B.A. from Allahabad University.

[edit] As a teacher

After finishing his studies, Farahi taught Arabic at various institutions, including M.A.O. College and Dar-ul-Ulum, Hyderabad. While at Aligarh, he learnt Hebrew from the German Orientalist, Joseph Horovitz (1874-1931), who was a Professor of Arabic at the M.A.O. College. During his stay in Hyderabad, Farahi conceived the idea of establishing a University where all religious and modern sciences would be taught in Urdu. The scheme he prepared for this purpose later materialized in the form of Jamiah Uthmaniyyah, Hyderabad. He subsequently came to Sara-e-Mir, a town in Azamgarh, where he took charge of the Madrasatul Islah (School for Reform), an institution based on the educational ideas of Shibli Nomani and Farahi. Farahi had served as chief administrator of the school since its inception, but other engagements kept him away from becoming actively involved in its affairs. From 1925, when he came to Sara-e-Mir, to 1930, the year of his death, Farahi devoted most of his time and energy to managing the affairs of the Madrasa-tul-Islah and teaching there. A few students – Amin Ahsan Islahi was one of them – received special training from him and later became the bearer of his torch.

Recognition of his work

Farahi is well known to most scholars of the sub-continent, who have acknowledged his outstanding contribution to Islamic thought and learning.

Maulana Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi writes, “It has been generally accepted that in recent times, very few have reached the position Allama Farahi has been blessed with by the Almighty as far as deliberation on the Qur’an is concerned. He has spent the major portion of his life pondering on the meanings of this Book, and has written such a masterful commentary on the Qur’an that it is difficult to find its parallel even in the early period…” [1]

Maulana Shibli Nomani writes, “It is generally believed that a talented person can in no way remain unknown to the world. Experience as well as history bear testimony to this. However, each rule has an exception. Maulvi Hameed Uddin … is a good example of such an exception … In this age, his treatise “Tafseer Nizaam-ul-Quran” is as essential and beneficial to Muslims as pure water is to the thirsty and exhausted.”[2]

Maulana Syed Sulaiman Nadvi writes, ” … The Ibni Taimiyah of this age has died on 11 November 1930 — someone whose brilliance is very unlikely to be surpassed now and whose comprehensive command of oriental and occidental disciplines is a miracle of this era. A profound scholar of the Qur’an … a unique personality … an embodiment of piety … an unfathomable sea of knowledge … an institution within himself … a literary genius … a researcher of progigious intellect … It is a matter of great sorrow that such a brilliant personality graced the world and then perished, but the world could not recognize its grandeur … “[3]

Maulana Manazir Ahsan Gilani writes, “… the revivalist movement launched by Shah Wali Ullah [in the eighteenth century], in recent years has drawn inspiration from “Tafseer Nizaam-ul-Qur’an” the work of a distinguished scholar, Maulana Hameed Uddin Farahi. Among other features of this commentary (ie relationship between the Qur’an and the Bible, and various literary discussions), its salient feature is the unprecedented attempt in it to bring out the coherence between the verses. It is this coherence which sometimes provides enough evidence that the Qur’an is a Divine Book.” [4]

Maulana Abdul Majid Daryabadi writes, “In this age, Allama Hameed Uddin Farahi is the most outstanding personality as far as Qur’anic Studies are concerned. He not only occupies a distinguished position among the scholars of recent times, but, in fact, has discovered some new principles for the interpretation of the Qur’an. The foremost among them is his philosophy of coherence in the Qur’an.”[5]


Most of Farahi’s work is in Arabic. Farahi’s chief scholarly interest was the Quran, the focal point of all his writings. Most of his published works are in the form of notes that were later compiled by his followers such Maulana Amin Ahsan Islahi and Allama Khalid Masud and others. Some of the books he wrote are:

* Mufradat al Quran (”Vocabulary of the Quran”)
* Asalib al Quran (”Style of the Quran”)
* Jamhara-tul-Balaghah (”Manual of Quranic Rhetoric”)
* Im’an Fi Aqsam al-Qur’an (A Study of the Qur’anic Oaths)
* ‘في من هو الذبيح’ (Fi man huwa al-Dhabih: Which of Abraham’s son was Sacrificed?)

Nizam al-Qur’an (Coherence in the Qur’an, a commentary on the Qur’an

Source: Wikipedia

Founding Director (Nazim) & Secretary : Maulana Syed Sulaiman Nadvi


Maulana Syed Sulaiman Nadvi

Maulana Syed Sulaiman Nadvi was born on November 22, 1884 in Desna village of Patna, British India. His father, Hakeem Sayyed Abdul Hasan was a pious Sufi and known for his learning and piety. He was highly respected in the locality.

His first teachers were Khalifa Anwar Ali of Desna and Maulvi Maqsood Ali of Ookhdi. Later he received his education from his elder brother, Hakeem Sayyed Abu Habeeb and his father, who was a physician at Islampur near Patna. In 1899 he went to Phulwari Sharif (Bihar) where at the famous Khanqah-e-Mojeebia he became a disciple of Maulana Mohiuddin and of Shah Sulaiman Phulwari. From there he went to Darbhanga where he studied for a few months at Madrasa-e-Imdadia.

In 1901, he was admitted into Dar-ul-Uloom Nadva at Lucknow. He studied for seven years at Nadva. Young Sulaiman's first article, Waqt (Time) was published in the monthly Urdu Journal Makhzan edited by Sir Sheikh Abdul Qadir. In 1905, Maulana Shibli came to Lucknow as Secretary of Nadva. Sulaiman came under the influence of Shibli whose literary heir he was destined to be. There was another person at Nadva at this time who came from Calcutta. He was none but Abul Kalam Azad. Both Sulaiman and Azad were favourite pupils of Maulana Shibli Nomani. Soon Sulaiman was chosen to carry on Maulana Shibli's work. In 1906, he graduated from the Nadva. Shibli appointed Sayyed Sulaiman sub-editor of journal, An-Nadwa. In 1908, Sulaiman Nadvi was appointed an instructor of Modern Arabic and Dogmatic Theology at Dar-ul-Uloom Nadva. The annual convocation of the Nadvat-ul-Uloom was being held in a packed hall at Lucknow in 1907. The conferring of degress in this well-known institution of religious education was to be followed by Dastar Bandi (Investiture of academic gowns and turbans) ceremony, which was being presided over by Khawaja Ghulam-us-Saqlain, a renowned scholar and son-in-law of Maulana Altaf Husain Hali and was attended by Mohsin-ul-Mulk and other intellectual luminaries of the time. Meanwhile, someone got up from amongst the audience and addressing Maulana Shibli Nomani, questioned the scholarship of the students who had graduated from the institution and their proficiency in modern Arabic. The Maulana, being a celebrated historian, accustomed to confront his adversaries with incontrovertible facts, asked a young graduate to deliver a speech on any given topic. The student got up and delivered a masterly speech in Arabic on certain aspects of modern philosophy. His command over the language, the sublimity of his ideas and his excellent delivery, astounded the president and all those present there. The speaker was the young Sulaiman, who was destined to become one of the greatest historians and the greatest biographers of the Prophet of Islam during his times.

In 1906, he joined the staff of "An-Nadva", a magazine brought out by the Dar-ul-Uloom. In 1908, he was appointed a lecturer in the Dar-ul-Uloom, and for two years worked as an assistant to Allama Shibli Nomani, who was engaged in the preparation of his well-known work, Seerat-un-Nabi (Life of the Holy Prophet), the major part of which, in fact, was completed in six volumes by Syed Sulaiman himself after the death of his illustrious teacher.

The international political situation was becoming extremely explosive at this time. The European powers were conspiring for dividing the Turkish Empire and wanted to finish this "Sickman of Europe". In 1911, when Italy launched an unprovoked attack on Tripoli, a port of the Turkish Empire, young Sulaiman gave up his literary and educational pursuits and joined "Al-Hilal", Calcutta, edited by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, another pupil of Shibli Nomani. Together with Azad, Syed Sulaiman made "Al-Hilal" a powerful organ of young Muslims which ultimately played a dominant role in the awakening of Muslim India. The association of Syed Sulaiman with "Al-Hilal" could not last long. In 1912, Allama Shibli Nomani got him appointed as assistant professor of Persian at the famous Deccan College, Poona. Here, too, he could not stay for long. The death of his illustrious teacher, Shibli Nomani, two years later, obliged him to return ot Azamgarh and take up the unfinished literary work of his master. Syed Sulaiman Nadvi hereafter settled down at Azamgarh to a peaceful life of research and study, which later won for him an immortal place as a historian and scholar.

Maulana Syed Sulaiman Nadvi, whose life had been an un-interrupted devotion to scholarship and literary pursuit, was called upon to devote his energies to the service of Islam and his country. The first quarter of the present century was a period of trials and tribulations for the Indian Muslims in particular. The political scene was tense, surcharged with revolution. The Caliphate held by the Turkish Sultan was at stake. The western powers were conspiring to do away with this "Sickman of Europe". The wars in the Balkans and Tripoli and ultimately World War I, were all pointing to this end. In India, too, the Indian National Congress and especailly the All-India Khilafat Committee, under the dynamic and inspiring leaderhship of Maulana Muhammad Ali, had created a stir throughout the length and and breadth of the sub-continent which led to an unprecedented awakening of the masses. Syed Sulaiman Nadvi, too, could not resist responding to the national call. In 1920, he joined a Khilafat Delegation, headed by Maulana Muhammad Ali, to London, for securing equitable and just treatment to Turkey at the hands of the victorious Allies.

In 1924, when the Sharif of Makkah and King Ibn Saud of Najd were at war, Sultan Saud sought the help of the Khilafat Committee to settle the dispute. A delegation, headed by Syed Sulaiman Nadvi, which included Maulana Muhammad Ali and Shoaib Qureshi went to Hejaz in 1926 and fearlessly placed the views of the Indian Muslims before Sultan Ibn Saud for establishing a truly democratic rule in the holy land. In 1926, Syed Sulaiman Nadvi presided over the memorable annual session of Jamiat-ul-Ulema at Calcutta, which considered the deteriorating Hindu-Muslim relations in the sub-continent due to the Shuddhi-Sanghattan Movement started by the Shardhanand - Malaviya group. The same year, the Maulana at the invitation of King Ibni Saud headed a delegation of celebrated Muslim leaders including Maulana Muahmad Ali and Shaukat Ali to Makkah to participate in the Motamar-i-Alam-i-Islami. Delegations of almost all Muslim countries had participated in the conference and Syed Sulaiman Nadvi had been elected the vice-president of the conference (Motamar). On his return, from Makkah, he retired from active politics and decided to devote his heart and soul to literary pursuits only.

Maulana Syed Sulaiman Nadvi had started his career as the sub-editor of "An-Nadva", a well-known magazine devoted to religious research. In 1912, he joined as an Assistant Editor and leader writer of the celebrated "Al Hilal" of Maulana Abul Kalaam Azad. He wrote some of its best editorials, inlcuding one on Cawnpur Mosque incident which electrified the Indian Muslims. But his association with "Al Hilal" lasted two years only. In 1914, when the Shibli Academy was established and its official organ, the "Ma`aarif" started publication, he became its founder editor. This magazine, during the last 44 years of its existence in Urdu maintained an enviable record of high class articles. It introduced in Urdu journalism short notes and second leaders on important men and matters, called Shazraat. The greatest achievement of Syed Sulaiman Nadvi was the establishment of Darul-Musannefin (House of Writers) also known as the Shibli Academy at Azamgarh which became the pioneer in the field of literary and historical research in the subcontinent. He attracted around him a large number of talented scholars who carried on the literary mission of his illustrious teacher, Shibli Nomani, with unabated zeal. This institution of learning founded in 1914 continues to spread its lustre throughout the sub-continent and during the last 48 years of its existence has published some outstanding works on diverse branches of knowledge. Maulana Sulaiman Nadvi dedicated his life to the service of learning and kept his uninterrupted association with the Shibli Academy, Azamgarh. During this period, he spent an austere life at Azamgarh, busy in writing books which inspired an entire generation.

Syed Sulaiman Nadvi was a prolific writer who wrote books on history, biography, literature and travelogue. His greatest work is the "Seerat-un-Nabi" (Life of the Prophet of Islam) in six volumes which has hardly any parallel in any language of the world. This outstanding work on the life of the Holy Prophet of Islam was started by Shibli Nomani, but the major part of it was completed by his pupil, Syed Sulaiman. This has since been translated into several languages and is the most widely read book on the life and teachings of the great Prophet of Islam. He has made Seerat a new and separate subject in Islamic studies. His first book was "Durus-ul-Adab", an Arabic reader in two parts. In 1912, he compiled a dictionary of new Arabic words. In 1915, he brought out the first volume and in 1918 the second volume of "Ardh-ul-Quran" (Sites in the Quran) which is a priceless piece of historical research. This is the only book of its kind in Urdu which has made great impression of his scholarship on the orientalists.

In 1910, he wrote another very important biographical work, "Sirat-i-Ayesha" which is the most authentic book on the life of Hadhrat Ayesha (rta), wife of the Prophet of Islam. His other widely read book is "Arbon Ki Jahazrani" (Arab Navigation) dealing with the great voyages undertaken by the Arab navigators during the medieval times who, with the help of the Mariners' Compass, which they invented, roamed about in open seas reaching as far as the Bering Strait, East and West Indies and even touched the New world. The "Khayyam", which appeared in 1933 deals with the life and work of Umar Khayyam. It is yet another popular work of his. Dissipating a popular misconception about Khayyam being a dreamer, steeped in wine, he brought out Khayyam's great contribution to mathematics, astronomy and science.

"Khutbaat-i-Madras" is a collection of his lectures at the invitation of the Muslim Educational Conference at Madras on the life of the Holy Prophet of Islam. This has been translated into English and has since been published into several editions. In 1939, he published a collection of his essays on diverse subjects, known as "Naqoosh-i-Sulaiman". These essays known for the sublimity of thought and lucidity of diction are a living testimony to his scholarship and mastery over the language. His yet another monumental work "Hayat-i-Shibli" was published in 1943. It deals not only with the life and works of his teacher, Allama Shibli Nomani, but, in fact, is a detailed history of literary and educational activities of Muslim India during the last 100 years.

Maulana Syed Sulaiman Nadvi had developed a style which was sober and lucid but at the same time convincing and impressive. It was essentially suitable for his historical writings. He is scholarly and objective in his treatment of history, which appeals more to the mind than to the heart. The brutal persecution of the Muslims in India by the Hindu majority community compelled him to migrate to Pakistan in 1950. The pleadings of the prime minister of India not to leave India could not dissuade him from going to Pakistan where he was immensely needed for guiding the framing of a truly Islamic constitution. On arrival in Karachi, he was made President of the Islamic Taalimat Board, attached to the Constituent Assembly. He had come to Pakistan with an ambitious plan in his mind of establishing an Academy of Islamic Studies in Karachi, which could rival the Shibli Academy of Azamgarh (U.P.). But he was not destined to live here long and died three years after, in 1953. His death was mourned throughout the world of Islam and the loss of this great scholar, historian and religious writer was universally acknowledged. His death created a great void in the literary life of the sub-continent. Syed Sulaiman Nadvi was a great scholar, historian, religious writer but above all he was a great man. Like all true scholars, he was the embodiment of humility and simplicity. He was unostentatious and never took pride in his greatness.

The services of Syed Sulaiman Nadvi were recognized and his greatness as a great scholar was acknowledged during his lifetime. The Muslim University, Aligarh, conferred on him the degree of D. Litt. in 1941. A number of universities and institutions, including the Aligarh Muslim University, the Hindustani Academy of Allahabad, the Jamia Millia, Delhi, the Nadvat-ul-Ulema, Lucknow, and the Hindustani Committee of the Government of Bihar, had associated him with their work.

After partition of India, Syed Sulaiman Nadvi migrated to Pakistan in June 1950 and settled in Karachi. He was appointed Chairman of Taleemat-e-Islami Board to advise the Islamic aspects of Pakistan's constitution. He died on November 22, 1953 in Karachi at the age of 69.



Arab-o-Hind_ke_Ta_alluqat Seerat-e-Aisha

Founding Manager : Maulana Syed Masood Ali

Maulana Syed Masood Ali


Founding People

Founding People:

Foundation of Akhwan-Al-Safa(brethren of purity) on 24 November 1914
1. Mawlana Hamiduddin Farahi
2. Maulana Syed Sulaiman Nadvi
3. Mawlana Masud Ali Nadvi
4. Mawlana Abdus Salam Nadwi
5. Mawlana Shibli Mutakallim Nadvi

First annual meeting of Akhwan-Al-Safa on 25 May 1915, enlisted following new members:

1. Hamid Hasan Nomani
2. Habibur Rahman Khan Sherwani
3. Nawwab Sayyid Ali Hasan Khan
4. Professor Sheikh Abdul Qadir
5. Dr. Sheikh Muhmmad Iqbal
6. Nawwab Emadul Mulk Mawlwi Sayyid Husain Bilgrami
7. Mawlana Abdullah Emadi
8. Mawlana Sayyid Karamat Husain
9. Mawlana Abdul Majid Daryabadi

On 21st July 1915 Akhwan-Al-Safa society was registered with the new name of Darul Mussannefin Shibli Academy

Managing Committee:

President : Nawwab Emadul Mulk Mawlwi Sayyid Husain Bilgrami
Secretary : Mawlana Syed Sulaiman Nadv

1. Mawlana Hamiduddin Farahi,
2. Mawlana Habibur Rahman Khan Sherwani
3. Nawwab Sajid Ali Khan,
4. (Sir) Dr. Muhammad Iqbal (M.A. Ph.D. The famous poet)
5. Professor Nawwab Ali (M.A.,Baroda College)
6. Professor Abdul Qadir (M.A.,Deccan College, Pune)
7. Mawlana Masud Ali Qidwai
8. Mir Akbar Husain (Retired Judge, Allahabad High Court)
9. Khwaja Rashiduddin Sahib (Ra’is,Lucknow)
10. Abdul Majid (B.A.,Lucknow),
11. Hamid Hasan Numani (Dy.Collector, Deoria)
12. Mawlwi Abdul Bari Nadwi(Barabanki)
13. Mawlwi Ziaul Hasan Nadwi (B.A.,Aligarh College)
14. Mawlwi Khwaja Abdul Wajid Nadwi

In 1916, the Managing Committee was reconstituted

Members of the Managing Committee
1. Nawwab Emadul Mulk Mawlwi Sayyid Husain Bilgrami, Chairperson(Ra’is Majlis, Hyderabad, Deccan.)
2. Hafiz Mawlwi Hamiduddin Farahi, President/Sadar Majlis
3. Mawlana Sayyid Sulaiman Nadwi, Secretary/Nazim, Azamgarh
4. Hon’ble Mawlwi Sayyid Karamat Husain, Former Judge, Allahabad High Court (Na’ib Ra’is, Lucknow)

Members of the Advisory Committee
1. Mawlana Habibur Rahman Khan Sherwani, Ra’is of Bhikanpur
2. Professor Sheikh Abdul Qadir(M.A.), Eliphinstone College, Bombay
3. Hisamul Mulk Nawwab Sayyid Ali Hasan, Bhopal House, Lucknow
4. Mr.Abdul Majid(B.A.), Golaganj, Lucknow
5. Khwaja Rashiuddin, Ra’is, Banks Road, Lucknow
6. Munshi Muhammad Ameen , Shahjahanabad, Bhopal
7. Mawlwi Masood Ali Nadwi, Shibli Manzil, Azamgarh
8. Mr.Hamid Nomani, Dy.Collector, Devaria, Gorakhpur
9. Mawlwi Abdul Bari Nadwi, Assistant Professor, Pune
10. Mawlwi Khwaja Abdul Wajid Nadwi, Imperial Library, Calcutta
11. Mirza Sultan Ahmad Beg(M.A.,LL.B), Advocate, Azamgarh
12. Mr.Mukhtar Ahmad(B.A., LL.B), Advocate, Allahabad High Court
13. Mawlwi Ziaul Hasan(M.A.), Inspector of Arabic Schools

Founding Staff

Academic Staff:
1. Maulana Sayyid Sulaiman Nadwi, Secretary/Nazim

2. Maulana Masud Ali Nadvi, Administrator, Office

3. Maulwi Abdus Salam Nadwi, Scholar

4. Haji Mawlwi Moinuddin Nadwi, Fellow/Associate Scholar

5. Mawlwi Sayeed Ansari, Fellow/Associate Scholar

Working Staff:
1. Munshi Muhammad Owais -copyist/scribe
2. Munshi Ishtiaque Hasan -scribe solely for Seeratun Nabi
3. Abdul Hafeez -
4. Abdul Hakeem Azmi -
5. Sayyid Muhammad Reza - Press Staff
6. Reza Ali -
7. Sultan -
8. Mawla Khan -
9. Nawaz -
10. Mahadeo -
11. Dost Muhammad - Peon